Gynaecology is a medicine speciality that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of diseases and disorders that are specific to adolescent girls and women. It primarily looks after the diseases that affect the female reproductive system.
Obstetrics and gynaecology are related terms, with the former focussing on the childbirth and midwifery. It includes looking after the pregnant mother and taking care of the medicine and surgical requirement during childbirth.
An obgyn doctor specializes in both these field, but may decide to pursue either one of them in a separate ob gyn clinic or gynaecology clinic. A woman may refer a gynaecologist while planning pregnancy and during the early stages of pregnancy, but needs to refer an obstetrician later during pregnancy for either normal or caeserean delivery.
Women need to find a gynaecologist if they have any concern regarding the health of their reproductive organs, including the uterus, ovaries, the Fallopian tubes, cervix or breasts. The best gynaecologist is able to make a diagnosis based on the symptoms that the woman present with,and is also able to conduct medical and surgical interventions, is required.